Twelve Days of Waterborne Diseases: Salmonellosis

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salmonella#/media/File:SalmonellaNIAID.jpg Salmonella is a gram-negative bacterium that usually causes gastroenteritis, but can also cause the more serious infection, typhoid fever. There are over 2,000 different types of Salmonella bacteria, providing a range of infection rates and symptoms. The bacteria is excreted by infected humans and animals in waste, causing contamination to water systems that infected…

Drinking Fountains and Legionella

Now that the Covid vaccine is being rolled out, the world is trying to return to normal. Schools and buildings are reopening, albeit with Covid restrictions in place. Sounds like a good thing, right? Well, yes and no. Covid restrictions can allow waterborne bacteria to flourish in building water systems. Drinking fountains are closed because…

Twelve Days of Waterborne Diseases: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nontuberculous_mycobacteria Tuberculosis is not the only mycobacteria that can infect humans. While nontuberculous mycobacteria are common in soil and water, they are not as likely to infect someone as Mycobacterium tuberculosis is. However, to the elderly and immunocompromised these bacteria can be cause for concern. Nontuberculous mycobacteria form biofilms, allowing them to survive in potable…

Twelve Days of Waterborne Disease: Giardiasis

https://atguv.com/2020/04/09/how-to-treat-it-giardia-in-water/ Giardia duodenalis (G. lamblia and G. intestinalis) are flagellated, single-cell protozoan that cause Giardia infections. Giardiasis is the most common parasitic intestinal infection in the US. Infection occurs when people come into contact with Giardia, usually via contaminated water. Giardia can form an outer shell, called a cyst, allowing it to survive outside of…